DOM_2020-0001 (Festningen)


Model information
locality Festningen
land Nordenskiöld Land
island Spitsbergen
easting 473647.19
northing 8669050.64
crs epsg 32633
Technical specs
data owner Svalbox
data reference Peter Betlem, Kim Senger
data cite Senger et al. (2020)
acq. date 2020-09-17
acq. reference Peter Betlem, Kim Senger
acq. camera model L1D-20c
acq. georeferencing built-in GPS
proc. camera stations 3762
proc. camera total error 3.56879 m
proc. ground resolution 0.00701 m/pix
proc. dem resolution 0.221 m/pix
proc. dem point density 20.4 points/m2
proc. flying altitude 27.5 m
proc. coverage area 0.783 km2
proc. reference Peter Betlem

The renowned Festningen section in the outer part of Isfjorden, western Spitsbergen, offers a c. 7 km long nearly continuous stratigraphic section of Lower Carboniferous to Cenozoic strata. Tectonic deformation associated with the Paleogene West-Spitsbergen-Fold-and-Thrust belt tilted the strata to near-vertical, allowing easy access to the section along the shoreline. The Festningen section is a regionally important stratigraphic reference profile, and thus a key locality for any geologist visiting Svalbard. The lithology variations, dinosaur footprints, as well as the many fossil groups, record more than 300 million years of continental drift, climate change, and sea level variations. As such, the Festningen section is the only protected geotope in Svalbard, covering an area of c. 17 km2. The first detailed geological cross-section of the Festningen profile was published by Hoel & Orvin (1937), while a revised open-access field guide was compiled by Mørk & Grundvåg (2020). Read the initial publication at: